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Publication# Search for production of four top quarks in final states with same-sign or multiple leptons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

Jian Wang, Matthias Finger, Lesya Shchutska, Qian Wang, Yiming Li, Matthias Wolf, Varun Sharma, Yi Zhang, Konstantin Androsov, Jan Steggemann, Leonardo Cristella, Xin Chen, Davide Di Croce, Mingkui Wang, João Miguel das Neves Duarte, Tagir Aushev, Tian Cheng, Yixing Chen, Werner Lustermann, Andromachi Tsirou, Alexis Kalogeropoulos, Andrea Rizzi, Ioannis Papadopoulos, Paolo Ronchese, Thomas Muller, Giuseppe Codispoti, Hua Zhang, Siyuan Wang, Jessica Prisciandaro, Peter Hansen, Daniel Gonzalez, Tao Huang, David Vannerom, Michele Bianco, Sebastiana Gianì, Kun Shi, Wei Shi, Abhisek Datta, Thomas Berger, Alessandro Caratelli, Ji Hyun Kim, Donghyun Kim, Dipanwita Dutta, Zheng Wang, Sanjeev Kumar, Wei Li, Yong Yang, Geng Chen, Yi Wang, Ajay Kumar, Ashish Sharma, Georgios Anagnostou, Joao Varela, Csaba Hajdu, Muhammad Ahmad, Ekaterina Kuznetsova, Ioannis Evangelou, Matthias Weber, Muhammad Shoaib, Milos Dordevic, Vineet Kumar, Vladimir Petrov, Francesco Fiori, Quentin Python, Meng Xiao, Sourav Sen, Viktor Khristenko, Marco Trovato, Fan Xia, Xiao Wang, Bibhuprasad Mahakud, Jing Li, Rajat Gupta, Zhen Liu, Muhammad Waqas, Hui Wang, Seungkyu Ha, Davide Cieri, Maren Tabea Meinhard, Giorgia Rauco, Ali Harb, Benjamin William Allen, Long Wang, Pratyush Das, Wenyu Zhang, Miao Hu, Lei Li, Amr Mohamed, Valérie Scheurer, Giovanni Mocellin

2019

Report or working paper

2019

Report or working paper

Abstract

The standard model (SM) production of four top quarks ($\mathrm{t\bar{t}t\bar{t}}$) in proton-proton collision is studied by the CMS Collaboration. The data sample, collected during the 2016-2018 data taking of the LHC, corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-a}$ at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The events are required to contain two same-sign charged leptons (electrons or muons) or at least three leptons, and jets. The observed and expected significances for the $\mathrm{t\bar{t}t\bar{t}}$ signal are respectively 2.6 and 2.7 standard deviations, and the $\mathrm{t\bar{t}t\bar{t}}$ cross section is measured to be 12.6$^{+5.8}_{-5.2}$ fb. The results are used to constrain the Yukawa coupling of the top quark to the Higgs boson, $y_{\mathrm{t}}$, yielding a limit of $|{y_{\mathrm{t}}/y_{\mathrm{t}}^{\mathrm{SM}}}|

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A search for leptoquarks produced singly and in pairs in proton-proton collisions is presented. We consider the leptoquark (LQ) to be a scalar particle of charge -1/3e coupling to a top quark plus a tau lepton (t tau) or a bottom quark plus a neutrino (b nu), or a vector particle of charge +2/3e, coupling to t nu or b tau. These choices are motivated by models that can explain a series of anomalies observed in the measurement of B meson decays. In this analysis the signatures t tau nu b and t tau nu are probed, using data recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC at root s = 13 TeV and that correspond to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb(-1). These signatures have not been previously explored in a dedicated search. The data are found to be in agreement with the standard model prediction. Lower limits at 95% confidence level are set on the LQ mass in the range 0.98-1.73 TeV, depending on the LQ spin and its coupling lambda to a lepton and a quark, and assuming equal couplings for the two LQ decay modes considered. These are the most stringent constraints to date on the existence of leptoquarks in this scenario. (C) 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.

2021Jian Wang, Matthias Finger, Qian Wang, Yiming Li, Matthias Wolf, Varun Sharma, Yi Zhang, Konstantin Androsov, Jan Steggemann, Leonardo Cristella, Xin Chen, Davide Di Croce, Arvind Shah, Rakesh Chawla, Chao Wang, João Miguel das Neves Duarte, Tagir Aushev, Tian Cheng, Yixing Chen, Werner Lustermann, Andromachi Tsirou, Alexis Kalogeropoulos, Andrea Rizzi, Ioannis Papadopoulos, Paolo Ronchese, Hua Zhang, Siyuan Wang, Jessica Prisciandaro, Peter Hansen, Tao Huang, David Vannerom, Michele Bianco, Sebastiana Gianì, Kun Shi, Wei Shi, Abhisek Datta, Wei Sun, Jian Zhao, Thomas Berger, Federica Legger, Doohyun Kim, Bertrand François, Bandeep Singh, Ji Hyun Kim, Donghyun Kim, Dipanwita Dutta, Zheng Wang, Sanjeev Kumar, Wei Li, Yong Yang, Geng Chen, Yi Wang, Ajay Kumar, Ashish Sharma, Georgios Anagnostou, Joao Varela, Csaba Hajdu, Muhammad Ahmad, Ekaterina Kuznetsova, Ioannis Evangelou, Matthias Weber, Muhammad Shoaib, Milos Dordevic, Vineet Kumar, Vladimir Petrov, Francesco Fiori, Meng Xiao, Sourav Sen, Viktor Khristenko, Xiao Wang, Kai Yi, Jing Li, Rajat Gupta, Zhen Liu, Muhammad Waqas, Hui Wang, Seungkyu Ha, Maren Tabea Meinhard, Giorgia Rauco, Ali Harb, Long Wang, Pratyush Das, Miao Hu, Anton Petrov, Xin Gao, Chen Chen, Valérie Scheurer, Giovanni Mocellin, Muhammad Ansar Iqbal, Lukas Layer

A search for production of the supersymmetric partners of the top quark, top squarks, is presented. The search is based on proton-proton collision events containing multiple jets, no leptons, and large transverse momentum imbalance. The data were collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb(-1). The targeted signal production scenarios are direct and gluino-mediated top squark production, including scenarios in which the top squark and neutralino masses are nearly degenerate. The search utilizes novel algorithms based on deep neural networks that identify hadronically decaying top quarks and W bosons, which are expected in many of the targeted signal models. No statistically significant excess of events is observed relative to the expectation from the standard model, and limits on the top squark production cross section are obtained in the context of simplified supersymmetric models for various production and decay modes. Exclusion limits as high as 1310 GeVare established at the 95% confidence level on the mass of the top squark for direct top squark production models, and as high as 2260 GeV on the mass of the gluino for gluino-mediated top squark production models. These results represent a significant improvement over the results of previous searches for supersymmetry by CMS in the same final state.

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