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Publication# On the Kodaira vanishing theorem for log del Pezzo surfaces in positive characteristic

Abstract

We investigate the vanishing of H1(X,OX(−D)) for a big and nef Q-Cartier Z-divisor D on a log del Pezzo pair (X,Δ) over a perfect field of positive characteristic p.

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Related concepts (3)

Characteristic (algebra)

In mathematics, the characteristic of a ring R, often denoted char(R), is defined to be the smallest number of times one must use the ring's multiplicative identity (1) in a sum to get the additive identity (0). If this sum never reaches the additive identity the ring is said to have characteristic zero. That is, char(R) is the smallest positive number n such that: if such a number n exists, and 0 otherwise.

Perfect field

In algebra, a field k is perfect if any one of the following equivalent conditions holds: Every irreducible polynomial over k has distinct roots. Every irreducible polynomial over k is separable. Every finite extension of k is separable. Every algebraic extension of k is separable. Either k has characteristic 0, or, when k has characteristic p > 0, every element of k is a pth power. Either k has characteristic 0, or, when k has characteristic p > 0, the Frobenius endomorphism x ↦ x^p is an automorphism of k.

Kodaira vanishing theorem

In mathematics, the Kodaira vanishing theorem is a basic result of complex manifold theory and complex algebraic geometry, describing general conditions under which sheaf cohomology groups with indices q > 0 are automatically zero. The implications for the group with index q = 0 is usually that its dimension — the number of independent global sections — coincides with a holomorphic Euler characteristic that can be computed using the Hirzebruch–Riemann–Roch theorem.