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Publication# On the rate of convergence for the autocorrelation operator in functional autoregression

Abstract

We consider the problem of estimating the autocorrelation operator of an autoregressive Hilbertian process. By means of a Tikhonov approach, we establish a general result that yields the convergence rate of the estimated autocorrelation operator as a function of the rate of convergence of the estimated lag zero and lag one autocovariance operators. The result is general in that it can accommodate any consistent estimators of the lagged autocovariances. Consequently it can be applied to processes under any mode of observation: complete, discrete, sparse, and/or with measurement errors. An appealing feature is that the result does not require delicate spectral decay assumptions on the autocovariances but instead rests on natural source conditions. The result is illustrated by application to important special cases. (C) 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.

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Consistent estimator

In statistics, a consistent estimator or asymptotically consistent estimator is an estimator—a rule for computing estimates of a parameter θ0—having the property that as the number of data points used increases indefinitely, the resulting sequence of estimates converges in probability to θ0. This means that the distributions of the estimates become more and more concentrated near the true value of the parameter being estimated, so that the probability of the estimator being arbitrarily close to θ0 converges to one.

Vector autoregression

Vector autoregression (VAR) is a statistical model used to capture the relationship between multiple quantities as they change over time. VAR is a type of stochastic process model. VAR models generalize the single-variable (univariate) autoregressive model by allowing for multivariate time series. VAR models are often used in economics and the natural sciences. Like the autoregressive model, each variable has an equation modelling its evolution over time.

Autocorrelation

Autocorrelation, sometimes known as serial correlation in the discrete time case, is the correlation of a signal with a delayed copy of itself as a function of delay. Informally, it is the similarity between observations of a random variable as a function of the time lag between them. The analysis of autocorrelation is a mathematical tool for finding repeating patterns, such as the presence of a periodic signal obscured by noise, or identifying the missing fundamental frequency in a signal implied by its harmonic frequencies.