Résumé
In finance and economics, systematic risk (in economics often called aggregate risk or undiversifiable risk) is vulnerability to events which affect aggregate outcomes such as broad market returns, total economy-wide resource holdings, or aggregate income. In many contexts, events like earthquakes, epidemics and major weather catastrophes pose aggregate risks that affect not only the distribution but also the total amount of resources. That is why it is also known as contingent risk, unplanned risk or risk events. If every possible outcome of a stochastic economic process is characterized by the same aggregate result (but potentially different distributional outcomes), the process then has no aggregate risk. Systematic or aggregate risk arises from market structure or dynamics which produce shocks or uncertainty faced by all agents in the market; such shocks could arise from government policy, international economic forces, or acts of nature. In contrast, specific risk (sometimes called residual risk, unsystematic risk, or idiosyncratic risk) is risk to which only specific agents or industries are vulnerable (and is uncorrelated with broad market returns). Due to the idiosyncratic nature of unsystematic risk, it can be reduced or eliminated through diversification; but since all market actors are vulnerable to systematic risk, it cannot be limited through diversification (but it may be insurable). As a result, assets whose returns are negatively correlated with broader market returns command higher prices than assets not possessing this property. In some cases, aggregate risk exists due to institutional or other constraints on market completeness. For countries or regions lacking access to broad hedging markets, events like earthquakes and adverse weather shocks can also act as costly aggregate risks. Robert Shiller has found that, despite the globalization progress of recent decades, country-level aggregate income risks are still significant and could potentially be reduced through the creation of better global hedging markets (thereby potentially becoming idiosyncratic, rather than aggregate, risks).
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Concepts associés (11)
Risque
Le risque est la possibilité de survenue d'un événement indésirable, la probabilité d’occurrence d'un péril probable ou d'un aléa. Le risque est une notion complexe, de définitions multiples car d'usage multidisciplinaire. Néanmoins, il est un concept très usité depuis le , par exemple sous la forme de l'expression , notamment pour qualifier, dans le sens commun, un événement, un inconvénient qu'il est raisonnable de prévenir ou de redouter l'éventualité.
Systematic risk
In finance and economics, systematic risk (in economics often called aggregate risk or undiversifiable risk) is vulnerability to events which affect aggregate outcomes such as broad market returns, total economy-wide resource holdings, or aggregate income. In many contexts, events like earthquakes, epidemics and major weather catastrophes pose aggregate risks that affect not only the distribution but also the total amount of resources. That is why it is also known as contingent risk, unplanned risk or risk events.
Coefficient bêta
Le coefficient bêta est, en finance, une mesure de la volatilité du prix d'un actif par rapport à celle d'un marché financier. Il s'agit d'un coefficient clef du modèle d'évaluation des actifs financiers (MEDAF). Il est un indicateur utile dans la mise en place d'une stratégie de diversification des risques. Le bêta est le rapport entre la rentabilité de cet actif et celle du marché puisque la volatilité concerne les variations de cours qui sont un élément essentiel de rentabilité.
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