Concept

Pereiaslav

Résumé
Pereiaslav or Pereyaslav (Перея́слав, pereˈjɑslɐu̯; Periyoslov), formerly Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi or Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskyy (1943–2019), is a historical city in the Boryspil Raion, Kyiv Oblast (province) of central Ukraine, located near the confluence of Alta and Trubizh rivers some south of the nation's capital Kyiv. Along with Kyiv and Chernihiv, it forms the nucleus of the medieval Ruthenia. Pereiaslav hosts the administration of Pereiaslav urban hromada, a hromada in Ukraine. Its population is approximately Possessing more than 20 museums, Pereiaslav is often described as a "living museum" and granted status of a History and Ethnography Reserve (історико-етнографічний заповідник). Pereiaslav played a significant role in the history of Ukraine. It was mentioned for the first time in the text of the Rus' Treaty with the Byzantine Empire (911) as Pereyaslav-Rus'kyi (Pereyaslav Ruthenian/Pereyaslav Russiae), to distinguish it from Preslav in Bulgaria, later with establishment cities in Zalesye, from Pereslavl-Zalessky and Pereyaslavl Ryazansky. Vladimir I, Prince of Kiev built here in 992 the large fortress to protect the southern limits of Kievan Rus' from raids of nomads from steppes of what is now southern Ukraine. The city was the capital of the Principality of Pereiaslavl' from the middle of the 11th century until its demolition by Tatars in 1239, during the Mongol invasion of Kievan Rus'. During the 14th century Pereiaslav was annexed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Since 1471 it was part of the Kiev Voivodeship, which in 1569 became part of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland. In 1585, Polish King Stephen Báthory granted Perejasław Magdeburg city rights. It was a royal city of Poland. During the second half of the 16th century Pereiaslav became a regimental city of the Zaphorozhian Host. Here in 1654 Bohdan Khmelnytsky had the controversial "Pereiaslav Convent", where the Zaphorozhian Cossacks had voted for a military alliance with the Tsardom of Russia and accepted the Pereiaslav Agreement, bringing ther lands under Russian rule.
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