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Concept# Elliptic operator

Summary

In the theory of partial differential equations, elliptic operators are differential operators that generalize the Laplace operator. They are defined by the condition that the coefficients of the highest-order derivatives be positive, which implies the key property that the principal symbol is invertible, or equivalently that there are no real characteristic directions.
Elliptic operators are typical of potential theory, and they appear frequently in electrostatics and continuum mechanics. Elliptic regularity implies that their solutions tend to be smooth functions (if the coefficients in the operator are smooth). Steady-state solutions to hyperbolic and parabolic equations generally solve elliptic equations.
Definitions
Let L be a linear differential operator of order m on a domain \Omega in Rn given by
Lu = \sum_{|\alpha| \le m} a_\alpha(x)\partial^\alpha u
where \alpha = (\alpha_1, \dots, \alpha_n)

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This is an introductory course on Elliptic Partial Differential Equations. The course will cover the theory of both classical and generalized (weak) solutions of elliptic PDEs.

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In this paper we give a global characterisation of classes of ultradi_erentiable functions and corresponding ultradistributions on a compact manifold X. The characterisation is given in terms of the eigenfunction expansion of an elliptic operator on X. This extends the result for analytic functions on compact manifold by Seeley [See69], and the characterisation of Gevrey functions and Gevrey ultradistributions on compact Lie groups and homogeneous spaces by the authors.

2016In this paper we give a global characterisation of classes of ultradifferentiable functions and corresponding ultradistributions on a compact manifold X. The characterisation is given in terms of the eigenfunction expansion of an elliptic operator on X. This extends the result for analytic functions on compact manifolds by Seeley in 1969, and the characterisation of Gevrey functions and Gevrey ultradistributions on compact Lie groups and homogeneous spaces by the authors (2014).

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