Concept# Classification of finite simple groups

Summary

In mathematics, the classification of finite simple groups is a result of group theory stating that every finite simple group is either cyclic, or alternating, or it belongs to a broad infinite class called the groups of Lie type, or else it is one of twenty-six or twenty-seven exceptions, called sporadic. The proof consists of tens of thousands of pages in several hundred journal articles written by about 100 authors, published mostly between 1955 and 2004.
Simple groups can be seen as the basic building blocks of all finite groups, reminiscent of the way the prime numbers are the basic building blocks of the natural numbers. The Jordan–Hölder theorem is a more precise way of stating this fact about finite groups. However, a significant difference from integer factorization is that such "building blocks" do not necessarily determine a unique group, since there might be many non-isomorphic groups with the same composition series or, put in another way, the extension problem does no

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This thesis is in the context of representation theory of finite groups. More specifically, it studies biset functors. In this thesis, I focus on two biset functors: the Burnside functor and the functor of p-permutation modules. For the Burnside functor we first give a result that characterize some B-groups; B-groups being the essential ingredient in the classification of composition factors of the Burnside functor. The second result compares the Burnside functor and the functor of free modules. Note that the functor of free modules is not a biset functor since the inflation of a free module is not necessarily free. To compare those functors we will work on an adjunction between the category of biset functors and the category of functors that do not have inflation. An aspect of the work done on the functor of p-permutation module is to compare the functor of p-permutation modules and the functor of ordinary representations. On the other hand, because of the classification of p-permutation modules, we try to express the functor o p-permutation modules in terms of the functor of projective modules (which is not a biset functor). We will use an adjunction between the category of biset functors and a category that contains the functor of projective modules.

We establish obstructions for groups to act by homeomorphisms on dendrites. For instance, lattices in higher rank simple Lie groups will always fix a point or a pair. The same holds for irreducible lattices in products of connected groups. Further results include a Tits alternative and a description of the topological dynamics. We briefly discuss to what extent our results hold for more general topological curves.

The aim of this work is to understand the decomposition, in irreducible modules, of tensor products of Weil modules for Sp2n(3). To do this, we begin by computing the Weil modules for Sp4(3), Sp6(3) and Sp8(3) in order to understand how tensor products decompose for these cases. This leads us to some results and hypotheses for the general case. The understanding of the decomposition of two-fold tensor product of Weil modules for Sp2n(3) has been treated by Kay Magaard and Pham Huu Tiep in “Irreducible tensor products of representations of finite quasi-simple groups of Lie type” (to appear in the Proceedings of the Virginia Symposium on Representations of Finite Groups). Following it, we try to understand as much as possible the decomposition of three-fold tensor products of Weil modules for Sp2n(3).

2010