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Lecture# Linear Quadratic (LQ) Optimal Control: Proof of Theorem

Description

This lecture covers the proof of the recursive formula for the optimal gains in LQ control over a finite horizon. It explains the solution to the FH-LQ problem, the stability of the closed-loop system, and the state-feedback regulator. The lecture also delves into the minimization of quadratic forms and the dynamic programming argument used in the computation of the cost-to-go. The Difference Riccati Equation (DRE) and the backward iterations for computing the optimal control law are discussed in detail.

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Related concepts (82)

ME-422: Multivariable control

This course covers methods for the analysis and control of systems with multiple inputs and outputs, which are ubiquitous in modern technology and industry. Special emphasis will be given to discrete-

Quadratic form

In mathematics, a quadratic form is a polynomial with terms all of degree two ("form" is another name for a homogeneous polynomial). For example, is a quadratic form in the variables x and y. The coefficients usually belong to a fixed field K, such as the real or complex numbers, and one speaks of a quadratic form over K. If , and the quadratic form equals zero only when all variables are simultaneously zero, then it is a definite quadratic form; otherwise it is an isotropic quadratic form.

Adaptive control

Adaptive control is the control method used by a controller which must adapt to a controlled system with parameters which vary, or are initially uncertain.cite journal|author=Chengyu Cao, Lili Ma, Yunjun Xu|title="Adaptive Control Theory and Applications", Journal of Control Science and Engineering'|volume=2012|issue=1|year=2012|doi=10.1155/2012/827353|pages=1,2|doi-access=free For example, as an aircraft flies, its mass will slowly decrease as a result of fuel consumption; a control law is needed that adapts itself to such changing conditions.

Linear–quadratic regulator

The theory of optimal control is concerned with operating a dynamic system at minimum cost. The case where the system dynamics are described by a set of linear differential equations and the cost is described by a quadratic function is called the LQ problem. One of the main results in the theory is that the solution is provided by the linear–quadratic regulator (LQR), a feedback controller whose equations are given below. LQR controllers possess inherent robustness with guaranteed gain and phase margin, and they also are part of the solution to the LQG (linear–quadratic–Gaussian) problem.

H-infinity methods in control theory

H∞ (i.e. "H-infinity") methods are used in control theory to synthesize controllers to achieve stabilization with guaranteed performance. To use H∞ methods, a control designer expresses the control problem as a mathematical optimization problem and then finds the controller that solves this optimization. H∞ techniques have the advantage over classical control techniques in that H∞ techniques are readily applicable to problems involving multivariate systems with cross-coupling between channels; disadvantages of H∞ techniques include the level of mathematical understanding needed to apply them successfully and the need for a reasonably good model of the system to be controlled.

Isotropic quadratic form

In mathematics, a quadratic form over a field F is said to be isotropic if there is a non-zero vector on which the form evaluates to zero. Otherwise the quadratic form is anisotropic. More explicitly, if q is a quadratic form on a vector space V over F, then a non-zero vector v in V is said to be isotropic if q(v) = 0. A quadratic form is isotropic if and only if there exists a non-zero isotropic vector (or null vector) for that quadratic form. Suppose that (V, q) is quadratic space and W is a subspace of V.

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