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Publication# Combining Evidence from a Generative and a Discriminative Model in Phoneme Recognition

Abstract

We investigate the use of the log-likelihood of the features obtained from a generative Gaussian mixture model, and the posterior probability of phonemes from a discriminative multilayered perceptron in multi-stream combination for recognition of phonemes. Multi-stream combination techniques, namely early integration and late integration are used to combine the evidence from these models. By using multi-stream combination, we obtain a phoneme recognition accuracy of 74% on the standard TIMIT database, an absolute improvement of 2.5% over the single best stream.

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Related concepts (32)

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Generative model

In statistical classification, two main approaches are called the generative approach and the discriminative approach. These compute classifiers by different approaches, differing in the degree of statistical modelling. Terminology is inconsistent, but three major types can be distinguished, following : A generative model is a statistical model of the joint probability distribution on given observable variable X and target variable Y; A discriminative model is a model of the conditional probability of the target Y, given an observation x; and Classifiers computed without using a probability model are also referred to loosely as "discriminative".

Discriminative model

Discriminative models, also referred to as conditional models, are a class of logistical models used for classification or regression. They distinguish decision boundaries through observed data, such as pass/fail, win/lose, alive/dead or healthy/sick. Typical discriminative models include logistic regression (LR), conditional random fields (CRFs) (specified over an undirected graph), decision trees, and many others. Typical generative model approaches include naive Bayes classifiers, Gaussian mixture models, variational autoencoders, generative adversarial networks and others.

Posterior probability

The posterior probability is a type of conditional probability that results from updating the prior probability with information summarized by the likelihood via an application of Bayes' rule. From an epistemological perspective, the posterior probability contains everything there is to know about an uncertain proposition (such as a scientific hypothesis, or parameter values), given prior knowledge and a mathematical model describing the observations available at a particular time.

The activity of neurons in the brain and the code used by these neurons is described by mathematical neuron models at different levels of detail.

The activity of neurons in the brain and the code used by these neurons is described by mathematical neuron models at different levels of detail.

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