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Publication# Initialization Mechanism in Kohonen Neural Network Implemented in CMOS Technology

Abstract

An initialization mechanism is presented for Kohonen neural network implemented in CMOS technology. Proper selection of initial values of neurons’ weights has a large influence on speed of the learning algorithm and finally on the quantization error of the network, which for different initial parameters can vary even by several orders of magnitude. Experiments with the software model of designed network show that results can be additionally improved when conscience mechanism is used during the learning phase. This mechanism additionally decreases number of dead neurons, which minimizes the quantization error. The initialization mechanism together with experimental Kohonen neural network with four neurons and 3 inputs have been designed in CMOS 0.18 μm technology.

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CMOS

Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS, pronounced "sea-moss", siːmɑːs, -ɒs) is a type of metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) fabrication process that uses complementary and symmetrical pairs of p-type and n-type MOSFETs for logic functions. CMOS technology is used for constructing integrated circuit (IC) chips, including microprocessors, microcontrollers, memory chips (including CMOS BIOS), and other digital logic circuits.

Active-pixel sensor

An active-pixel sensor (APS) is an , which was invented by Peter J.W. Noble in 1968, where each pixel sensor unit cell has a photodetector (typically a pinned photodiode) and one or more active transistors. In a metal–oxide–semiconductor (MOS) active-pixel sensor, MOS field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) are used as amplifiers. There are different types of APS, including the early NMOS APS and the now much more common complementary MOS (CMOS) APS, also known as the CMOS sensor.

Inverter (logic gate)

In digital logic, an inverter or NOT gate is a logic gate which implements logical negation. It outputs a bit opposite of the bit that is put into it. The bits are typically implemented as two differing voltage levels. The NOT gate outputs a zero when given a one, and a one when given a zero. Hence, it inverts its inputs. Colloquially, this inversion of bits is called "flipping" bits. As with all binary logic gates, other pairs of symbols such as true and false, or high and low may be used in lieu of one and zero.

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