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Publication# Explicit construction of self-dual integral normal bases for the square-root of the inverse different

Abstract

Let K be a finite extension of Q(p), let L/K be a finite abelian Galois extension of odd degree and let D-L be the valuation ring of L. We define A(L/K) to be the unique fractional D-L-ideal with square equal to the inverse different of L/K. For p an odd prime and L/Q(p) contained in certain cyclotomic extensions, Erez has described integral normal bases for A(L)/Q(p) that are self-dual with respect to the trace form. Assuming K/Q(p) to be unramified we generate odd abelian weakly ramified extensions of K using Lubin-Tate formal groups. We then use Dwork's exponential power series to explicitly construct self-dual integral normal bases for the square-root of the inverse different in these extensions. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Field extension

In mathematics, particularly in algebra, a field extension is a pair of fields K\subseteq L, such that the operations of K are those of L restricted to K. In this case, L is an extension

Valuation ring

In abstract algebra, a valuation ring is an integral domain D such that for every element x of its field of fractions F, at least one of x or x−1 belongs to D.
Given a field F, if D is a subrin

Square root

In mathematics, a square root of a number x is a number y such that y^2 = x; in other words, a number y whose square (the result of multiplying t

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If L/K is a finite Galois extension of local fields, then we say that the valuation criterion VC(L/K) holds if there is an integer d such that every element x is an element of L with valuation d generates a normal basis for L/K. Answering a question of Byott and Elder, we first prove that VC(L/K) holds if and only if the tamely ramified part of the extension L/K is trivial and every non-zero K[G]-submodule of L contains a unit of the valuation ring of L. Moreover, the integer d can take one value modulo [L:K] only, namely-d(L/K)-1, where d(L/K) is the valuation of the different of L/K. When K has positive characteristic, we thus recover a recent result of Elder and Thomas, proving that VC(L/K) is valid for all extensions L/K in this context. When char K=0, we identify all abelian extensions L/K for which VC(L/K) is true, using algebraic arguments. These extensions are determined by the behaviour of their cyclic Kummer subextensions.

2012Let $F/E$ be a finite Galois extension of fields with abelian Galois group $\Gamma$. A self-dual normal basis for $F/E$ is a normal basis with the additional property that $Tr_{F/E}(g(x),h(x))=\delta_{g,h}$ for $g,h\in\Gamma$. Bayer-Fluckiger and Lenstra have shown that when $char(E)\neq 2$, then $F$ admits a self-dual normal basis if and only if $[F:E]$ is odd. If $F/E$ is an extension of finite fields and $char(E)=2$, then $F$ admits a self-dual normal basis if and only if the exponent of $\Gamma$ is not divisible by $4$. In this paper we construct self-dual normal basis generators for finite extensions of finite fields whenever they exist. Now let $K$ be a finite extension of $\Q_p$, let $L/K$ be a finite abelian Galois extension of odd degree and let $\bo_L$ be the valuation ring of $L$. We define $A_{L/K}$ to be the unique fractional $\bo_L$-ideal with square equal to the inverse different of $L/K$. It is known that a self-dual integral normal basis exists for $A_{L/K}$ if and only if $L/K$ is weakly ramified. Assuming $p\neq 2$, we construct such bases whenever they exist.

2010