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Publication# A Modular Timber Structure

Abstract

The presented reciprocal frame structure is a modular composition of timber folded panels. The overall geometry is driven from a folded plate base module which is then spartially multiplied in using Euclidean isometries. The intersection of consecutive modules impose the slide-cut geometry which ensures the local and global stability of structure. Embedded inside a CAD environment, the three-dimensional geometry is parameterized according to the base module and by using a Finite Element non-linear analysis it is demonstrated that the structural performance can be improved with a more interlaced configuration of parameters. A prototype based on this geometric principal has been fabricated and assembled to explore feasibilty ot the concept in the building scale.

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In geometry, a three-dimensional space (3D space, 3-space or, rarely, tri-dimensional space) is a mathematical space in which three values (coordinates) are required to determine the position of a point. Most commonly, it is the three-dimensional Euclidean space, the Euclidean n-space of dimension n=3 that models physical space. More general three-dimensional spaces are called 3-manifolds. Technically, a tuple of n numbers can be understood as the Cartesian coordinates of a location in a n-dimensional Euclidean space.

Euclidean space

Euclidean space is the fundamental space of geometry, intended to represent physical space. Originally, that is, in Euclid's Elements, it was the three-dimensional space of Euclidean geometry, but in modern mathematics there are Euclidean spaces of any positive integer dimension n, which are called Euclidean n-spaces when one wants to specify their dimension. For n equal to one or two, they are commonly called respectively Euclidean lines and Euclidean planes.

Four-dimensional space

Four-dimensional space (4D) is the mathematical extension of the concept of three-dimensional space (3D). Three-dimensional space is the simplest possible abstraction of the observation that one needs only three numbers, called dimensions, to describe the sizes or locations of objects in the everyday world. For example, the volume of a rectangular box is found by measuring and multiplying its length, width, and height (often labeled x, y, and z).

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