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Publication# On the fundamental domain of affine Springer fibers

Abstract

Let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k,gamma is an element of g( k(( epsilon ))) a semisimple regular element, we introduce a fundamental domain F gamma for the affine Springer fibers X gamma. We show that the purity conjecture of X gamma is equivalent to that of F gamma via the Arthur-Kottwitz reduction. We then concentrate on the unramified affine Springer fibers for the group GL(d). It turns out that their fundamental domains behave nicely with respect to the root valuation of gamma. We formulate a rationality conjecture about a generating series of their Poincare polynomials, and study them in detail for the group GL(3). In particular, we pave them in affine spaces and we prove the rationality conjecture.

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Related concepts (7)

Affine space

In mathematics, an affine space is a geometric structure that generalizes some of the properties of Euclidean spaces in such a way that these are independent of the concepts of distance and measure of angles, keeping only the properties related to parallelism and ratio of lengths for parallel line segments. In an affine space, there is no distinguished point that serves as an origin. Hence, no vector has a fixed origin and no vector can be uniquely associated to a point.

Fundamental domain

Given a topological space and a group acting on it, the images of a single point under the group action form an orbit of the action. A fundamental domain or fundamental region is a subset of the space which contains exactly one point from each of these orbits. It serves as a geometric realization for the abstract set of representatives of the orbits. There are many ways to choose a fundamental domain. Typically, a fundamental domain is required to be a connected subset with some restrictions on its boundary, for example, smooth or polyhedral.

Weil conjectures

In mathematics, the Weil conjectures were highly influential proposals by . They led to a successful multi-decade program to prove them, in which many leading researchers developed the framework of modern algebraic geometry and number theory. The conjectures concern the generating functions (known as local zeta functions) derived from counting points on algebraic varieties over finite fields. A variety V over a finite field with q elements has a finite number of rational points (with coordinates in the original field), as well as points with coordinates in any finite extension of the original field.