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Publication# Minimal Polynomials Of Unipotent Elements Of Non-Prime Order In Irreducible Representations Of The Exceptional Algebraic Groups In Some Good Characteristics

Abstract

In a number of cases the minimal polynomials of the images of unipotent elements of non-prime order in irreducible representations of the exceptional algebraic groups in good characteristics are found. It is proved that if p > 5 for a group of type E-8 and p > 3 for other exceptional algebraic groups, then for irreducible representations of these groups in characteristic p with large highest weights with respect to p, the degree of the minimal polynomial of the image of a unipotent element is equal to the order of this element.

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Linear algebraic group

In mathematics, a linear algebraic group is a subgroup of the group of invertible matrices (under matrix multiplication) that is defined by polynomial equations. An example is the orthogonal group, defined by the relation where is the transpose of . Many Lie groups can be viewed as linear algebraic groups over the field of real or complex numbers. (For example, every compact Lie group can be regarded as a linear algebraic group over R (necessarily R-anisotropic and reductive), as can many noncompact groups such as the simple Lie group SL(n,R).

Reductive group

In mathematics, a reductive group is a type of linear algebraic group over a field. One definition is that a connected linear algebraic group G over a perfect field is reductive if it has a representation that has a finite kernel and is a direct sum of irreducible representations. Reductive groups include some of the most important groups in mathematics, such as the general linear group GL(n) of invertible matrices, the special orthogonal group SO(n), and the symplectic group Sp(2n).

Unipotent

In mathematics, a unipotent element r of a ring R is one such that r − 1 is a nilpotent element; in other words, (r − 1)n is zero for some n. In particular, a square matrix M is a unipotent matrix if and only if its characteristic polynomial P(t) is a power of t − 1. Thus all the eigenvalues of a unipotent matrix are 1. The term quasi-unipotent means that some power is unipotent, for example for a diagonalizable matrix with eigenvalues that are all roots of unity.

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