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Concept# System analysis

Résumé

System analysis in the field of electrical engineering characterizes electrical systems and their properties. System analysis can be used to represent almost anything from population growth to audio speakers; electrical engineers often use it because of its direct relevance to many areas of their discipline, most notably signal processing, communication systems and control systems.
Characterization of systems
A system is characterized by how it responds to input signals. In general, a system has one or more input signals and one or more output signals. Therefore, one natural characterization of systems is by how many inputs and outputs they have:

- SISO (Single Input, Single Output)
- SIMO (Single Input, Multiple Outputs)
- MISO (Multiple Inputs, Single Output)
- MIMO (Multiple Inputs, Multiple Outputs)

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Publications associées (7)

Concepts associés (12)

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Système invariant

Un processus transformant un signal d’entrée en un signal de sortie (signaux électriques par exemple) est appelé système invariant (ou stationnaire) lorsqu’une translation du temps appliquée à l’ent

Time-variant system

A time-variant system is a system whose output response depends on moment of observation as well as moment of input signal application. In other words, a time delay or time advance of input not only

Linear time-invariant system

In system analysis, among other fields of study, a linear time-invariant (LTI) system is a system that produces an output signal from any input signal subject to the constraints of linearity and tim

EE-205: Signals and systems (for EL&IC)

This class teaches the theory of linear time-invariant (LTI) systems. These systems serve both as models of physical reality (such as the wireless channel) and as engineered systems (such as electrical circuits, filters and control strategies).

ME-221: Dynamical systems

Provides the students with basic notions and tools for the analysis of dynamic systems. Shows them how to develop mathematical models of dynamic systems and perform analysis in time and frequency domains.

COM-500: Statistical signal and data processing through applications

Building up on the basic concepts of sampling, filtering and Fourier transforms, we address stochastic modeling, spectral analysis, estimation and prediction, classification, and adaptive filtering, with an application oriented approach and hands-on numerical exercises.

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This report presents a system analysis of the production of electricity from wet waste biomass. A system of Hydrothermal Gasification is coupled with a Hybrid Cycle composed by a SOFC and two Gas Turbines, driven in an inverted Brayton--‐Joule cycle. A thermodynamic optimization approach, based on the system energy integration, is used to analyze several configuration options. The influence of the process design on performances is discussed for the most representative scenario that highlights the key aspects of the system. Optimization results prove that a systematic system design may reaches efficiencies higher than 60%.

2011Séances de cours associées (24)

Gioele Mariano Nicolò Balestra, François Gallaire, David Minh-Phuc Nguyen

We investigate the Rayleigh-Taylor instability of a thin viscous film coating the inside of a spherical substrate. The aim of this work is to find and characterize the instability pattern in this spherical geometry. In contrast to the Rayleigh-Taylor instability under a planar substrate, where the interface is asymptotically unstable with respect to infinitesimal perturbations, the drainage induced by the component of gravity tangent to a curved substrate stabilizes the liquid interface, making the system linearly asymptotically stable. By performing a linear optimal transient growth analysis we show that the double curvature of a spherical substrate yields a critical Bond number, prescribing the ratio between gravitational and capillary forces, before an initial growth of perturbations is possible two-times larger than for a circular cylindrical substrate. This linear transient growth analysis however does not yield any selection principle for an optimal azimuthal wave number and we have to resort to a fully nonlinear analysis. By numerically solving the nonlinear lubrication equation we find that the most amplified azimuthal wave number increases with the Bond number. Nonlinear interactions are responsible for the transfer of energy to higher-order harmonics. The larger the Bond number and the farther away from the apex of the sphere, the richer the wave-number spectrum.

2018Adrien Guillaume Olivier Hoffet, Maher Kayal, Georgios Lilis

Localizing, identifying and authenticating the individual occupants is of paramount importance for the future intelligent buildings. Although the performance of outdoor positioning systems is sufficiently good, the indoor ones have still to converge to a universal interoperable technology. This paper proposes a hybrid, unified localization architecture for indoor and outdoor tracking of the building occupants. By taking advantage of the smartphones and their recent near field communication (NFC) capabilities; a low cost, accurate and scalable localization solution is proposed. This system is a module of an existing, modern building management system (BMS) to which it offers location-aware, energy and comfort management capabilities. The solution is currently deployed as a medium scale trial; therefore, the self-energy use, reliability, ease of use and the privacy requirements are of paramount importance. The system analysis in this paper additionally includes accuracy and battery impact assessment in real-world use cases and location-aware building management operations.