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Concept# Dihedral group

Summary

In mathematics, a dihedral group is the group of symmetries of a regular polygon, which includes rotations and reflections. Dihedral groups are among the simplest examples of finite groups, and they play an important role in group theory, geometry, and chemistry.
The notation for the dihedral group differs in geometry and abstract algebra. In geometry, D''n'' or Dih''n'' refers to the symmetries of the n-gon, a group of order 2n. In abstract algebra, D2''n'' refers to this same dihedral group. This article uses the geometric convention, D''n''.
Definition
Elements
A regular polygon with n sides has 2n different symmetries: n rotational symmetries and n reflection symmetries. Usually, we take n \ge 3 here. The associated rotations and reflections make up the dihedral group \mathrm{D}_n. If n is odd, each axis of symmetry connects

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We obtain a sharp refinement of the strong multiplicity one theorem for the case of unitary non-dihedral cuspidal automorphic representations for GL(2). Given two unitary cuspidal automorphic representations for GL(2) that are not twist-equivalent, we also find sharp lower bounds for the number of places where the Hecke eigenvalues are not equal, for both the general and non-dihedral cases. We then construct examples to demonstrate that these results are sharp.

We contribute to the classification of finite dimensional algebras under stable equivalence of Morita type. More precisely we give a classification of Erdmann's algebras of dihedral, semi-dihedral and quaternion type and obtain as byproduct the validity of the Auslander-Reiten conjecture for stable equivalences of Morita type between two algebras, one of which is of dihedral, semi-dihedral or quaternion type. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Let G be a finite group with a Sylow 2-subgroup P which is either quaternion or semi-dihedral. Let k be an algebraically closed field of characteristic 2. We prove the existence of exotic endotrivial kG-modules, whose restrictions to P are isomorphic to the direct sum of the known exotic endotrivial kP-modules and some projective modules. This provides a description of the group T(G) of endotrivial kG-modules.

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