Concept# Examples of groups

Summary

Some elementary examples of groups in mathematics are given on Group (mathematics).
Further examples are listed here.
Permutations of a set of three elements
Dihedral group of order 6
Consider three colored blocks (red, green, and blue), initially placed in the order RGB. Let a be the operation "swap the first block and the second block", and b be the operation "swap the second block and the third block".
We can write xy for the operation "first do y, then do x"; so that ab is the operation RGB → RBG → BRG, which could be described as "move the first two blocks one position to the right and put the third block into the first position". If we write e for "leave the blocks as they are" (the identity operation), then we can write the six permutations of the three blocks as follows:

- e : RGB → RGB
- a : RGB → GRB
- b : RGB → RBG
- ab : RGB → BRG
- ba : RGB → GBR
- aba : RGB → BGR

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