**Are you an EPFL student looking for a semester project?**

Work with us on data science and visualisation projects, and deploy your project as an app on top of GraphSearch.

Concept# Logistic regression

Summary

In statistics, the logistic model (or logit model) is a statistical model that models the probability of an event taking place by having the log-odds for the event be a linear combination of one or more independent variables. In regression analysis, logistic regression (or logit regression) is estimating the parameters of a logistic model (the coefficients in the linear combination). Formally, in binary logistic regression there is a single binary dependent variable, coded by an indicator variable, where the two values are labeled "0" and "1", while the independent variables can each be a binary variable (two classes, coded by an indicator variable) or a continuous variable (any real value). The corresponding probability of the value labeled "1" can vary between 0 (certainly the value "0") and 1 (certainly the value "1"), hence the labeling; the function that converts log-odds to probability is the logistic function, hence the name. The unit of measurement for the lo

Official source

This page is automatically generated and may contain information that is not correct, complete, up-to-date, or relevant to your search query. The same applies to every other page on this website. Please make sure to verify the information with EPFL's official sources.

Related publications

Loading

Related people

Loading

Related units

Loading

Related concepts

Loading

Related courses

Loading

Related lectures

Loading

Related concepts (87)

Linear regression

In statistics, linear regression is a linear approach for modelling the relationship between a scalar response and one or more explanatory variables (also known as dependent and independent variable

Machine learning

Machine learning (ML) is an umbrella term for solving problems for which development of algorithms by human programmers would be cost-prohibitive, and instead the problems are solved by helping machin

Generalized linear model

In statistics, a generalized linear model (GLM) is a flexible generalization of ordinary linear regression. The GLM generalizes linear regression by allowing the linear model to be related to the re

Related publications (100)

Loading

Loading

Loading

Related courses (77)

CS-233(a): Introduction to machine learning (BA3)

Machine learning and data analysis are becoming increasingly central in many sciences and applications. In this course, fundamental principles and methods of machine learning will be introduced, analyzed and practically implemented.

BIO-322: Introduction to machine learning for bioengineers

Students understand basic concepts and methods of machine learning. They can describe them in mathematical terms and can apply them to data using a high-level programming language (julia/python/R).

DH-406: Machine learning for DH

This course aims to introduce the basic principles of machine learning in the context of the digital humanities. We will cover both supervised and unsupervised learning techniques, and study and implement methods to analyze diverse data types, such as images, music and social network data.

Related people (11)

Related lectures (304)

Related units (9)

In this paper, we address the problem of scientific-social network integration to find a matching relationship between members of these networks (i.e. The DBLP publication network and the Twitter social network). This task is a crucial step toward building a multi environment expert finding system that has recently attracted much attention in Information Retrieval community. In this paper, the problem of social and scientific network integration is divided into two sub problems. The first problem concerns finding those profiles in one network, which presumably have a corresponding profile in the other network and the second problem concerns the name disambiguation to find true matching profiles among some candidate profiles for matching. Utilizing several name similarity patterns and contextual properties of these networks, we design a focused crawler to find high probable matching pairs, then the problem of name disambiguation is reduced to predict the label of each candidate pair as either true or false matching. Because the labels of these candidate pairs are not independent, state-of-the-art classification methods such as logistic regression and decision tree, which classify each instance separately, are unsuitable for this task. By defining matching dependency graph, we propose a joint label prediction model to determine the label of all candidate pairs simultaneously. Two main types of dependencies among candidate pairs are considered for designing the joint label prediction model which are quite intuitive and general. Using the discriminative approaches, we utilize various feature sets to train our proposed classifiers. An extensive set of experiments have been conducted on six test collection collected from the DBLP and the Twitter networks to show the effectiveness of the proposed joint label prediction model.

Luca Bosso, Jean-Baptiste Francis Marie Juliette Cordonnier, Tanguy Espejo, Mary-Anne Hartley, Jean-Yves Meuwly, Siméon Schaad

Objectives Early identification of SARS-CoV-2 infection is important to guide quarantine and reduce transmission. This study evaluates the diagnostic performance of lung ultrasound (LUS), an affordable, consumable-free point-of-care tool, for COVID-19 screening. Design, setting and participants This prospective observational cohort included adults presenting with cough and/or dyspnoea at a SARS-CoV-2 screening centre of Lausanne University Hospital between 31 March and 8 May 2020. Interventions Investigators recorded standardised LUS images and videos in 10 lung zones per patient. Two blinded independent experts reviewed LUS recording and classified abnormal findings according to prespecified criteria to investigate their predictive value to diagnose SARS-CoV-2 infection according to PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs (COVID-19 positive vs COVID-19 negative). Primary and secondary outcome measures We finally combined LUS and clinical findings to derive a multivariate logistic regression diagnostic score. Results Of 134 included patients, 23% (n=30/134) were COVID-19 positive and 77% (n=103/134) were COVID-19 negative; 85%, (n=114/134) cases were previously healthy healthcare workers presenting within 2-5 days of symptom onset (IQR). Abnormal LUS findings were significantly more frequent in COVID-19 positive compared with COVID-19 negative (45% vs 26%, p=0.045) and mostly consisted of focal pathologic B lines. Combining clinical findings in a multivariate logistic regression score had an area under the receiver operating curve of 80.3% to detect COVID-19, and slightly improved to 84.5% with the addition of LUS features. Conclusions COVID-19-positive patients are significantly more likely to have lung pathology by LUS. However, LUS has an insufficient sensitivity and is not an appropriate screening tool in outpatients. LUS only adds little value to clinical features alone.

The green bond market's rapid growth has alerted issuers and investors to this sustainable area of investment. This study ascertains whether green bonds are priced lower than conventional bonds-whether a negative green bond premium exists in both Chinese and global bond markets-and the driving forces behind any such green bond premium. First, an event study is set up to observe stock market's reaction upon issuance of green bonds to test whether green bonds are embedded with additional value by improving the issuer's equity market performance. Then, using the matching method and a two-layer regression process, the study estimates the green bond premium in the Chinese and global markets, respectively, and analyses factors affecting the green bond premium. The event study reveals that green bond issuance could reduce the issuer's equity return performance. The regression models found no significant negative green bond premium in either Chinese or global markets, indicating that green bonds are not priced significantly lower than conventional bonds. However, global market models show that issuing green bonds in CNY could reduce the green bond premium, unlike in USD or EUR.