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Publication# Système de poids sur une algèbre de Lie nilpotente

1973

EPFL thesis

EPFL thesis

Abstract

Let g be a nilpotent Lie algebra (of finite dimension n over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero) and let Der(g) be the algebra of derivations of g. The system of weights of g is defined as being that of the standard representation of a "maximal torus" in Der(g). For a fixed integer n, it is well-known that there are in general uncountably many isomorphism classes of nilpotent Lie algebra of dimension n; but we show that there are finitely many systems of weights, and each of them is explicitely constructed. The class of those Lie algebras having a given (arbitrary) system of weights is also studied. The first chapter is a setting for the study of nilpotent Lie algebras, used to prove some general theorems. In the second chapter, attention is restricted to a class of nilpotent Lie algebras for which our setting is particularly well adapted.

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Related concepts (44)

Related MOOCs (9)

Related publications (52)

Ontological neighbourhood

Lie algebra

In mathematics, a Lie algebra (pronounced liː ) is a vector space together with an operation called the Lie bracket, an alternating bilinear map , that satisfies the Jacobi identity. Otherwise said, a Lie algebra is an algebra over a field where the multiplication operation is now called Lie bracket and has two additional properties: it is alternating and satisfies the Jacobi identity. The Lie bracket of two vectors and is denoted . The Lie bracket does not need to be associative, meaning that the Lie algebra can be non associative.

Semisimple Lie algebra

In mathematics, a Lie algebra is semisimple if it is a direct sum of simple Lie algebras. (A simple Lie algebra is a non-abelian Lie algebra without any non-zero proper ideals). Throughout the article, unless otherwise stated, a Lie algebra is a finite-dimensional Lie algebra over a field of characteristic 0. For such a Lie algebra , if nonzero, the following conditions are equivalent: is semisimple; the Killing form, κ(x,y) = tr(ad(x)ad(y)), is non-degenerate; has no non-zero abelian ideals; has no non-zero solvable ideals; the radical (maximal solvable ideal) of is zero.

Lie algebra representation

In the mathematical field of representation theory, a Lie algebra representation or representation of a Lie algebra is a way of writing a Lie algebra as a set of matrices (or endomorphisms of a vector space) in such a way that the Lie bracket is given by the commutator. In the language of physics, one looks for a vector space together with a collection of operators on satisfying some fixed set of commutation relations, such as the relations satisfied by the angular momentum operators.

Algebra (part 1)

Un MOOC francophone d'algèbre linéaire accessible à tous, enseigné de manière rigoureuse et ne nécessitant aucun prérequis.

Algebra (part 1)

Un MOOC francophone d'algèbre linéaire accessible à tous, enseigné de manière rigoureuse et ne nécessitant aucun prérequis.

Algebra (part 2)

Un MOOC francophone d'algèbre linéaire accessible à tous, enseigné de manière rigoureuse et ne nécessitant aucun prérequis.

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