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Concept# Algebraic group

Summary

In mathematics, an algebraic group is an algebraic variety endowed with a group structure that is compatible with its structure as an algebraic variety. Thus the study of algebraic groups belongs both to algebraic geometry and group theory.
Many groups of geometric transformations are algebraic groups; for example, orthogonal groups, general linear groups, projective groups, Euclidean groups, etc. Many matrix groups are also algebraic. Other algebraic groups occur naturally in algebraic geometry, such as elliptic curves and Jacobian varieties.
An important class of algebraic groups is given by the affine algebraic groups, those whose underlying algebraic variety is an affine variety; they are exactly the algebraic subgroups of the general linear group, and are therefore also called linear algebraic groups. Another class is formed by the abelian varieties, which are the algebraic groups whose underlying variety is a projective variety. Chevalley's structure theorem states that every

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The aim of the course is to give an introduction to linear algebraic groups and to give an insight into a beautiful subject that combines algebraic geometry with group theory.

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This is a course about group schemes, with an emphasis on structural theorems for algebraic groups (e.g. Barsotti--Chevalley's theorem). All the basics will be covered towards the proof of such theorem, with an estress on the modern presentation using scheme theory and modern algebraic geometry.

Let G be a simple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field F of characteristic p >= h, the Coxeter number of G. We observe an easy 'recursion formula' for computing the Jantzen sum formula of a Weyl module with p-regular highest weight. We also discuss a 'duality formula' that relates the Jantzen sum formula to Andersen's sum formula for tilting filtrations and we give two different representation theoretic explanations of the recursion formula. As a corollary, we also obtain an upper bound on the length of the Jantzen filtration of a Weyl module with p-regular highest weight in terms of the length of the Jantzen filtration of a Weyl module with highest weight in an adjacent alcove.

This thesis investigates the growth of the natural cocycle introduced by Klingler for the Steinberg representation. When possible, we extend the framework of simple algebraic groups over a local field to arbitrary Euclidean buildings. In rank one, the growth of the cocycle is determined to be sublinear. In higher rank, the complexity of the problem leads us to study of the geometry of buildings of dimension two, where we describe in details the relative position of three points.

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