Concept

# Projective unitary group

Résumé
In mathematics, the projective unitary group PU(n) is the quotient of the unitary group U(n) by the right multiplication of its center, U(1), embedded as scalars. Abstractly, it is the holomorphic isometry group of complex projective space, just as the projective orthogonal group is the isometry group of real projective space. In terms of matrices, elements of U(n) are complex n×n unitary matrices, and elements of the center are diagonal matrices equal to eiθ multiplied by the identity matrix. Thus, elements of PU(n) correspond to equivalence classes of unitary matrices under multiplication by a constant phase θ. Abstractly, given a Hermitian space V, the group PU(V) is the image of the unitary group U(V) in the automorphism group of the projective space P(V). The projective special unitary group PSU(n) is equal to the projective unitary group, in contrast to the orthogonal case. The connections between the U(n), SU(n), their centers, and the projective unitary groups is shown at right. The center of the special unitary group is the scalar matrices of the nth roots of unity: The natural map is an isomorphism, by the second isomorphism theorem, thus and the special unitary group SU(n) is an n-fold cover of the projective unitary group. At n = 1, U(1) is abelian and so is equal to its center. Therefore PU(1) = U(1)/U(1) is a trivial group. At n = 2, , all being representable by unit norm quaternions, and via: Unitary group#Finite fields One can also define unitary groups over finite fields: given a field of order q, there is a non-degenerate Hermitian structure on vector spaces over unique up to unitary congruence, and correspondingly a matrix group denoted or and likewise special and projective unitary groups. For convenience, this article uses the convention. Recall that the group of units of a finite field is cyclic, so the group of units of and thus the group of invertible scalar matrices in is the cyclic group of order The center of has order q + 1 and consists of the scalar matrices which are unitary, that is those matrices with The center of the special unitary group has order gcd(n, q + 1) and consists of those unitary scalars which also have order dividing n.
À propos de ce résultat
Cette page est générée automatiquement et peut contenir des informations qui ne sont pas correctes, complètes, à jour ou pertinentes par rapport à votre recherche. Il en va de même pour toutes les autres pages de ce site. Veillez à vérifier les informations auprès des sources officielles de l'EPFL.