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Publication# Feynman diagrams and the large charge expansion in 3-epsilon dimensions

Abstract

In arXiv:1909.01269 it was shown that the scaling dimension of the lightest charge n operator in the U (1) model at the Wilson-Fisher fixed point in D = 4 - epsilon can be computed semiclassically for arbitrary values of lambda n, where lambda is the perturbatively small fixed point coupling. Here we generalize this result to the fixed point of the U (1) model in 3 - epsilon dimensions. The result interpolates continuously between diagrammatic calculations and the universal conformal superfluid regime for CFTs at large charge. In particular it reproduces the expectedly universal O(n(0)) contribution to the scaling dimension of large charge operators in 3D CFTs. (C) 2020 Published by Elsevier B.V.

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Feynman diagram

In theoretical physics, a Feynman diagram is a pictorial representation of the mathematical expressions describing the behavior and interaction of subatomic particles. The scheme is named after American physicist Richard Feynman, who introduced the diagrams in 1948. The interaction of subatomic particles can be complex and difficult to understand; Feynman diagrams give a simple visualization of what would otherwise be an arcane and abstract formula.

Scaling dimension

In theoretical physics, the scaling dimension, or simply dimension, of a local operator in a quantum field theory characterizes the rescaling properties of the operator under spacetime dilations . If the quantum field theory is scale invariant, scaling dimensions of operators are fixed numbers, otherwise they are functions of the distance scale. In a scale invariant quantum field theory, by definition each operator O acquires under a dilation a factor , where is a number called the scaling dimension of O.